Mars, which is the fourth planet out from the sun in our solar system, was given its name after the Roman god of war.

Due to its color, Mars is also called the "Red Planet." This distinctive hue results from the high concentration of iron oxide, or "rust," in the area's rocky terrain and soil.

After Mercury, Mars holds the title of being the solar system's second-smallest planet. It is approximately one half the size of Earth, with a diameter that measures 6,791 kilometres when measured through the centre.

Mars's distance from the sun makes it significantly colder than Earth's average temperature. It can get up to 20 degrees Celsius at the equator, but can get down to -140 degrees Celsius at the poles.

A volcano on Mars known as Olympus Mons is the highest point in the Solar System. Its staggering height of 24 kilometres makes it roughly three times as tall as Mount Everest.

On Mars, your vertical leap would be triple what it is here on Earth.This is due to the significantly reduced gravitational pull of the planet.

Do you enjoy gazing at the moon while it's full? look at this — Martian moons come in pairs. Phobos is the larger one, and Deimos is the smaller one.

Mars days are slightly longer than Earth days, clocking in around 24 hours and 37 minutes. However, at 687 Earth days, a Martian year is nearly twice as long! As a result, it takes a lot longer to complete one orbit around the Sun than it does for Earth.

Scientists had long held the view that Mars' surface was composed entirely of inert materials rocks, soil dust, and ice, but this view has recently been challenged. But… Breaking news! In 2018, scientists discovered what appears to be a lake beneath the Antarctic ice sheet.

Even though humans haven't set foot on Mars just yet, scientists have deployed spacecraft there to learn more about the planet. The Viking Landers were the first spacecraft to touch down on Mars, doing so in 1976.

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