16 Gardening Phrases You Should Be Aware Of

Whether a plant lives one year or more under optimal conditions decides if it's an annual or a perennial. Annuals have a one-year life cycle or shorter. Perennials reappear after three years.

Annual vs. Perennial

Perennials, trees, and shrubs have a minimum survival temperature. USDA's Hardiness Zone System rates cold tolerance from 1 to 13.

Hardiness Zone

These terms appear on seed packets and webpages if you grow a vegetable garden. Cool-season and warm-season vegetables are different. Knowing which category yours is in will help you plant vegetables outside.

Cool Season vs. Warm Season

Who sent that butterfly to your garden? It came from a host plant, where butterflies and moths lay eggs.

Host Plant

You'll see one of these words when buying tomato seeds or plants. How to choose the right type.

Indeterminate vs. definitive

Perennial growers in USDA Zone 8 and warmer should know this word. So many perennials are only recommended for cooler zones. It's not random.


Some plants reproduce, others don't. Pollinated fertile plants produce seeds or fruit. Sterile plants produce nectar but no seeds or fruit.

Fertile vs. Sterile Plants

Several plants bloom per season. Reblooming plants bloom twice per season, usually weeks apart. Reblooming hydrangeas bloom early to midsummer and late summer to fall.

Everbloom versus rebloom

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